Not everyone seems to know that the Multinational Force – Iraq (MNF-I) is providing security assistance to the fledgling democracy not only at the request of the freely elected Iraqi government, but also under a mandate of the United Nations. The United Nations Security Council, acting under Chapter VII of its charter, voted yesterday to extend that mandate until the end of 2007.
From the United States Department of State:
The Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution, drafted by the United States, that extends the mandate of the 160,000-member multinational force (MNF) in Iraq starting December 3. The mandate is to run until December 31, 2007, but can be terminated earlier at the request of the Iraqi government.
See the full text of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1723 and the text of Prime Minister Maliki’s request.
See also the related U.N. Security Council Resolution 1546 from 2004.
Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter provides that the Security Council:
may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations (Article 42)
and calls on member states to
make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security. (Article 43)
The Book of Resolutions of The United Methodist Church calls on governments to support the United Nations in fulfillment of its charter:
The United Methodist Church, therefore, reaffirms its support for the United Nations and calls upon all governments to fully support the United Nations in the fulfillment of its charter and in its highest calling to work for peace and justice for all the world’s people. (emphasis added)
Just doing our part for world peace and the United Nations.