Paul uses a number of words built on the root “call” in the first nine verses of 1 Corinthians.
- The letter is written to the assembly (ἐκκλησίᾳ) of God that is in Corinth, 1:1
- Who are called (κλητός) to be holy, 1:2
- Together with all who call upon (ἐπικαλέω) the name of the Lord. 1:2
- Christ will keep the Corinthians well-founded until all things are complete and the Corinthians stand un-accused – or blameless – (ἀνέγκλητος) on the day of the Lord 1:8
- God has called (καλέω) the Corinthians into fellowship with his son. (1:9)
Christians have been made holy (perfect passive participle of ἁγιάζω), but they are called to be holy (adjective ἅγιος).
God has given the Corinthians grace (χάρις, 1:4) and spiritual gifts (χάρισμα, 1:7).
The testimony of Christ (or about Christ) has been established – confirmed – shown to be certain (aorist passive of βεβαιόω) in or among the Corinthians (1:6). God will establish – keep strong – sustain (future active of βεβαιόω) the Corinthians as blameless until the day of the end.
The passage also uses some pretty significant terms about the day of the Lord. The day of the Lord is:
- τέλος – the end (1:8) – in the sense of goal, purpose or end state
- ἀποκάλυψις – a revelation or unveiling (1:7)