Seven years ago, Teddy Ray published a series of articles that still has me thinking.
- John Wesley Never Heard of a Traveling Pastor
- When the Circuit Rider Dismounted
- The Local Pastor and the Itinerant Apostle in Scripture
- Re-evangelizing America with Changes in our Ministry Roles
Ray’s thought draws heavily from Wesley’s sermon, The Ministerial Office.
If I can summarize Ray’s argument, it goes something like this. Wesley appointed preachers, not pastors.
The preachers were traveling evangelists who proclaimed salvation in Christ, invited people to repent and believe, organized Methodist societies where there were none and checked on the health of existing societies as they traveled.
Wesley’s preachers were like the extraordinary prophets of the Old Testament and the apostles of the New. The Church of England clergy were more like the Old Testament priesthood. Both were important. Methodists received the sacraments and the other priestly ministry of the church from the regularly constituted clergy of the Church of England. Pastors (bishops, elders and deacons) cared for their the people of their parishes and dioceses.
When Wesley ordained clergy for America, he broke from this model. American Methodism now had churches. Nevertheless, the preachers in America basically followed a pattern similar to the one laid down in England. The traveling preachers had sacramental authority, but they were not really pastors of the churches they visited. They still functioned in an apostolic role, evangelizing, planting churches and guiding the churches in their charge.
Since the itinerant preachers were rarely present in for any length of time in any one place, the everyday job of pastoral care and discipling fell to local leadership, including former circuit riders who had “located”.